Unit 6: The French Revolution and Napoleon
This unit focuses on the various causes that led to a revolution in France in 1789 as well as each of the significant phases of the revolution through the rule of Napoleon.
December 10 - December 11:
December 12-13 Dedicated Finals Review
December 17-20 Final Exams Schedule
LINKS: External Resources
Emmanuel Joseph Sieyès
Tennis Court Oath
Marquis de Lafayette
Declaration of the Rights of Man
Civil Constitution of the Clergy
Olympe de Gouges
levée en masse
Committee of Public Safety
Reign of Terror
Duke of Wellington
Congress of Vienna (1815)
EVENTS – See Revolution Timeline Chart on page 662 Kagan / Napoleon’s Timeline on page 686 Kagan:
Old Regime - Eve of the Revolution (1781-1789)
Estates General (May 1789)
National Assembly (1789 - 1791)
Tennis Court Oath (June 1789)
Storming of the Bastille (July 14 1789)
Great Fear (Late July 1789)
Declaration of the Rights of Man (Aug 1789)
Legislative Assembly (1791 – 1792)
National Convention (1792-1795)
Reign of Terror (June 1793-1794)
Thermidorean Reaction (July 1794)
Napoleonic Empire (1804-1815)
1. What factors contributed to a revolution in France, one of the most prosperous and powerful nations of Europe? What does this explanation add to the significance of the revolution?
2. A motto of the French Revolution was “equality, liberty, and fraternity.” How did the revolution both support and violate this motto? Did French women and peasants benefit from the revolution?
3. Why did a coalition of European countries take up arms against France? How did France respond to this external threat? What were the results?
4. Why did the Reign of Terror occur? How was it justified by the Committee of Public Safety?
5. With the advantage of hindsight, what might the monarchy have done to retain control and minimize revolutionary change?
6. Evaluate the reforms Napoleon introduced to France and the Empire.
7. What part of Napoleon’s character do you think gave him great success? What part led to his downfall?
8. Why was Jacques-Louis David called “the virtual art dictator of France for a generation”?
PROJECT / SKILLS / DEBATE / DISCUSSION: